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6  Table of Contents                                Katalyst’s Contribution to Systemic Change – The Adopt, Adapt, Expand, Respond Cases  7

 Summary of impact  36  CHANGING THE MAIZE MARKET SYSTEM                                     69

 References  37  Introduction                                                                71
            The overall market                                                               71
 MINI CASE  39  Market performance                                                           73
 MINI CASE – SYSTEMIC CHANGE IN CROP NUTRITION  41  Market information                       73
 Defining the innovation  42  Skills & behavioural norms                                     73

 MINI CASE – SYSTEMIC CHANGE IN CROP PROTECTION  45  Input supply                            73
 Defining the innovation  46  Market linkages                                                74
 References  47  From analysis to intervention                                               74

 Lessons from the vegetable sector  48  Defining the innovation: Enabling the maize supply side  74
 1. Partnership principles are vital to intervention success  48  ADOPT: Piloting            74
 2. Importance of the nature of the market – reducing transactions in the core market  48  Results – Proof of concept  75
 3. Interventions to increase resilience  49  ADAPT: Institutionalisation of change          77
            Results                                                                          77

 CHANGING THE FINGERLING MARKET SYSTEM  51  EXPAND: Extending the benefits                   78
 Introduction  53  Expansion of benefit in the North                                         79
 The overall market  53  Geographical expansion to the South                                 79

 Fingerling market performance  56  Results                                                  81
 Symptoms  56  RESPOND: Making change stick                                                  82
 Lack of access  56  Results                                                                 83
 Lack of quality  56  Summary of impact and specific lessons                                 83
 Lack of use  56  References                                                                 84

 Underlying causes  57
 Hatchery management  57  LESSONS FOR PRACTICE AND POLICY                                    85
 Brood stock supply  57  1. Direct activities can help secure buy-in and make markets if they are part of                85

 Aquaculture information marketing  58  a realistic systemic vision
 Systemic change in the fingerling market  59  2. It is important to maintain whole market perspectives –   86
 From analysis to intervention  59  functions not firms or fixes
 Defining the innovation: Increasing access to, and quality and use of, HVS fingerlings  59  3. Adapt to learning  86
 ADOPT: Piloting  59  4. Expanding impact has multiple dimensions                            87

 Results – Proof of Concept  60  5. Understanding systemic change                            87
 ADAPT: Institutionalisation of change  61
 Results  61

 EXPAND: Greater benefits to more people  62
 Results  64
 RESPOND: Making change stick  65
 Results  66
 Summary of impact and specific lessons  67

 References  67
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